Royal Families in the world




King Letsie III

Royal House of Moshesh


King Mohammed VI

He is the head of the Alaouite or Alawite dynasty

Former dynasties in Morocco:
The establishment of the Moroccan state in 789.
Since 1957 the title King is used.

Idrisid dynasty (788-974)
This dynasty was named after its founder: Idriss I.
He was the great grandchild of Hasan ibn Ali.

Almoravid dynasty (1040 - 1147)
The Almoravid capital was Marrakesh a city they founded
in 1062.

Almohad dynasty (1121 - 1279)

This was a Moroccan Berber movement founded in the 12th century.

Marinid dynasty (1244-1465))

In 1244, the Marinids overthrew the Almohad dynasty, which controlled
Morocco then. 

Idrisid interlude (1465-1471)

Wattasid dynasty (1472 - 1554)
These nation were Zenata Berber descendants. The Marinids recruited 
many viziers from the Wattasids. 

Abu Abd Allah al-Sheikh Muhammad ibn Yaha was the first Wattasid
sultan of Morocco and King of Fez. 

Saadi dynasty (1549 - 1659)
Their reign over Morocco started with Mohammed ash-Sheikh as their
first Sultan. 

He conquered Marrakech in 1524. He also fought against the Portuguese
and Wattasids and even against the Ottomans. 

Dila'i interlude (1659 - 1663)

Alaouite dynasty (1666 - till today)
The Alaouite dynasty is the current Moroccan Royal Family. 


King Mswati III

House of Dlamini 



Algeria has known many empires and dynasties in the past. 
They were:

Numidians, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, 
Vandals, Byzantines, Umayyads,
Abbasids, Idrisid, Aq hlabid, Rustamid, 
Fatimids, Zird, Hammadids, Almoravids,
Almohads, Spaniards, Ottomans and a French colonial Empire.... 
Berbers are the native people of Algeria


Since 1575 Angola was a colony from Portugal. The country became independent on 11 November 1975.


Kingdom of Dahomey (1600 - 1900)

A colony from France (1892 - 1960)

In 1892, France took over the power. They became independent in 1960.


Bechuanaland Protectorate (1885 - 1966)

Independent from the United Kingdom
On 30 September 1966 Botswana became independent from the United Kingdom.

Burkina Faso

During the Middle Ages the Mossi established several Kingdoms inter alia:
Tenkodogo, Yatenga, Zandoma and Ouagadougou. Ouagadougou is nowadays
still the capital of Burkina Faso. 

Independent from France

On 5 August 1960 Burkina Faso became independent from France. 
They were a colony from France since 1890.


For more than 200 years Burundi was an independent Kingdom. The King was known as the mwami (ruler) King Ntare V was the last King of Burundi. He was King from July 1966 till November 1966. He was a member of the noble House of Ntwero. 

Burundi first was a colony from Germany but after World War I it became a colony from Belgium. 

Cape Verde

On 5 July 1975, Cape Verde became independent from Portugal. 

Other post on this blog about Cape Verde:


Adamawa Emirate (1809 - 1903)

German Colony: 1884, known as Kamerun. After World War I the country was divided between France and England. 

Independent: 1 January 1960

Central African Republic

After World War I, France annexed the country. It became independent on 13 August 1960.

Sultanate of Bagirmi (1522-1897)

Wadai Empire (1635 - 1912)


Kanem Empire (700 -1387)


The Kongo was a state located primarily in the southwest portion of the
modern Congo, and also occupying portions of modern Angola and

At its greatest, the Kingdom of Kongo reached from the Atlantic Ocean
in the west to the Kwango River in the east and from the Point Noire in 
the north to the Loje River in the south.

This kingdom was led by a king known as 'Manikongo'. He exercised his
authority over the 6 provinces that formed the Kongo kingdom and the
'Bakongo', the Kongo peoples.

The king was elected by a group of governors, who were usually the heads
of important families. The villages were often governed by lesser relatives
of the King who were responsible to him. The capital of the Kongo Kingdom
was Mbanza-Kongo, this city is now known by the same name as the capital
of an Angolan province.  

Luba Kingdom (1585 - 1889)
The Luba Kingdom was founded by King Kongolo around 1585. 

Lunda Kingdom (1665 - 1887)
Mwaant Yav also called Mwata Yamvo formed the central 
Lunda Kingdom and he became its ruler from 1660 till 1665. 
His title and name was passed to his descendants and successors 
as rulers of the kingdom. 

The Lunda kings became powerful and they married with descendants of 
the Luba kings. 

Their empire was extended through southwest Katanga into Angola
and north western Zambia. 

Yeke Kingdom (1856 - 1891)
The Yeke Kingdom existed from about 1856 till 1891 under one King:

When King Leopold II of Belgium and the British imperialist Cecil
Rhodes heard that the Yeke Kingdom controlled east-west trade,
they sent competing expeditions to try to obtain a 'treaty' for the 

Kuba Kingdom or Kuba Federation
The Kuba federation was a political entity that began to develop out
of a number of decentralized ethnically Bantu states (Luba, Leele and 
Wongo ethnic Groups).

The capital was Nsheng, now Mushenge.

Cote d'Ivoire/ Ivory Coast

On 7 August 1960 Ivory Coast became independent from France. Before it has 
some Kingdoms.

was a medieval Akan people state. 

Kong Empire
was a pre colonial Muslim state from 1710 till 1898.


Djibouti became independent from France on 27 June 1977. 

Sultanate of Ifat (1285 - 1415)

Adal Sultanate (1415 - 1577)


Muhammed Ali dynasty (1805 - 1952)
Muhammed Ali was an Albanian commander of the Ottoman Army.
He seized power when by the French withdrawal. In 1805 he forced 
the Ottoman Sultan: Mahmud II to recognize him as walid or governor
of Egypt. Muhammed Ali transformed Egypt into a regional power. 

Ikhshidid dynasty (935 - 969)
They ruled over Egypt

Ayyubid dynasty (1171 - 1260)
was founded by Saladin and they ruled over a lot of regions in the
Middle East. 

Bahri dynasty (1250-1382)
This was a Mamluk dynasty that ruled the Egyptian Mamluk
Sultanate. They followed the Ayyubid dynasty. 

Burji dynasty (1382 - 1517)
They ruled over Egypt. It was a turbulent time with short-living

Fatimid Caliphate (909-1171)
was a caliphate. The dynasty ruled over the Mediterranean coast
of Africa. They made Egypt the center of the caliphate. 

More about Hurghada and its history on this link

Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Guinea Bissau


D'mt Kingdom (980 BC - 400 BC)

Kingdom of Aksum (100 AD - 940 AD) located in Eritrea, and the
Tigray Kingdom of Ethiopia. 


Sultanate of Showa (1180-1279)

Mudaito Dynasty
was the ruling Dynasty of the Sultanate of Aussa in Ethiopia 

Kingdom of Gomma (early 19th. century till 1886)

Kingdom of Jimma (1830 - 1932)
was one of the Kingdoms in the Gibe region in Ethiopia.

Kingdom of Gumma (1840 - 1902)
was one of the Kingdoms in the Gibe region in Ethiopia, that 
emerged in the 18th. century.


Independent from the United Kingdom on 12 December 1963.


Mali Empire (1235 - 1670)

Songhai Empire (1464 - 1598)


Karamanli dynasty (1711 - 1835)
This dynasty was founded by Ahmed Karamanli. 

Hafsid dynasty (1229 -1574)
ruled over western Libya, Tunisia and Algeria

Rustamid dynasty (767 - 909)
Their realm extended till central Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Mauritania. 


Merina Kingdom (1540 - 1897)


became independent from the United Kingdom on 6 July 1964. 


Songhai Empire (1464 - 1598)

Mali Empire (1235 - 1670)

Bamana Empire (1712-1861)


independent from France on 28 November 1960


independent from the United Kingdom on 12 March 1968. 
Mauritius was called after Maurice, Prince of Orange by a Dutch Admiral. 


Independent from Portugal on 25 June 1975. 


Independent from South Africa on 9 February 1990. 


Bornu Empire


became independent from the United Kingdom in 1960


The Kingdom of Rwanda was one of the oldest and most centralized
Kingdoms in the history of Central-East Africa.

The last monarch was Kigeli V Ndahindurwa. He was born on
June 29th. 1936 and died on October 16th. 2016. He reigned from 
July 28th. 1959 till January 28th. 1961.

Sao Tome and Principe

Independent from Portugal on 12 July 1975.


Independent from France on 4 April 1960.




Jolof Empire

Ghana Empire


Sierra Leone

Mali Empire (1235 - 1670)


Walashma Dynasty (13th - 16th century)
ruled parts of Somalia and Ethiopia

Sultanate of Hobyo (19th century - 1925)
This was a Somali Kingdom, which ruled of parts of Ethiopia 
and central Somalia.

Majeerteen Sultanate (mid 18th - early 20th. century)
Majeerteen is a Somali clan, who ruled over northern and central Somalia. 

South Africa

Zulu Kingdom

South Africa became independent from the United Kingdom on
31 May 1910

Sudan and South Sudan


Independence from the United Kingdom on 9 December 1961

Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous region in Tanzania in East-Africa.
The Sultans of Zanzibar were a cadet branch of the al-Said dynasty of Oman. 


Independence from France on 27 April 1960.


Husainid Dynasty (1705-1957)
Originally they were of Cretan Turkish origin. Their first ruler
was: al-Husayin I Ibn Ali. He came to power in 1705 replacing 
the Muradid Dynasty. 

On 25 July 1957, the Tunisian Republic was declared and the
ruling royal family was deposed. Current head of the dynasty is 
Prince Muhammad al-Habib Bey.


Independent from the United Kingdom on 9 October 1962.



Independence from the United Kingdom on 11 November 1965.


Araucania and Patagonia

The Kingdom of Araucania and Patagonia was founded on
17 November 1860 and lasted till 5 January 1862.
It was founded by a French lawyer and adventurer:
Orélie-Antoine de Tounens. 

The 'Kingdom' comprised the present day Argentine and 
the part of Patagonia and a small segment of Chile. 

In 1862, Orélie-Antoine de Tounens was captured and
imprisoned in an insane asylum in Chile. 


Kingdom of Brazil (1815-1822)

The Kingdom of Brazil was founded by Prince Regent John of Portugal
in name of his mother, Queen Maria I of Portugal on 16 December 1815.

On 12 December 1822, Prince Pedro (son of John of Portugal) proclaimed
the independence of Brazil. He founded the Empire of Brazil. 

Empire of Brazil (1822-1889)


The Northern Kingdom of Haiti was established by Henri Christophe
on 28 March 1811. He proclaimed himself: King Henry I.  He committed
suicide on 8 October 1920. 

10 Days later his son and heir, Prince Royal of Haiti was assassinated by
the revolutionaries.


The Kingdom of Hawaii (1795 - 1883)

flag of Hawaii used between 1816 - 1845

House of Kamehameha

House of Kalakaua


In 1860 Mexico was occupied by France. They established the
second Mexican Empire under the rule of Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian 
of Austria. He reigned as Maximilian I of Mexico. He was executed
on 19 June 1867.  



The Barakzai dynasty ruled over Afghanistan for many years.
Their dynasty was founded in 1826.
Their reign ended in 1973. 


Arsacid dynasty of Armenia ruled the Kingdom of Armenia between 54
and 428.

Due to its strategic location, Armenia was throughout it's history invaded
by many foreign people. Inter alia by: Greeks, Romans, Byzantine Empire
Arabs, Ottoman Empire and the Russians.


was ruled by many local dynasties inter alia:

Sallarid dynasty

Sajid dynasty

Rawadid dynasty

Buyid dynasty


Independence from Pakistan on 26 March 1971.
In the past, Bangladesh had a lot of local Kingdoms inter alia:

Vanga Kingdom

Samata Kingdom

Gupta Empire

Varman Dynasty

Gauda Kingdom

Khadga Dynasty

Chandra Dynasty

Pala Empire

Deva Dynasty


has a royal family

King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Queen Consort Jetsun Pema


has a royal family 

Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah


The King of Cambodia has a limited power and it is an elected monarch.


Xia dynasty (2070 BC - 1600 BC)

Shang dynasty (1600 BC - 1046 BC)

Chou (Zhou) dynasty (1046 BC - 256 BC)

Qin dynasty (221 BC - 206BC)

Han dynasty (206BC - 220 AD)

Six dynasties (220 or 222 till 589)

Sui dynasty (581 - 618)

Tang dynasty (618 - 907)

Five dynasties (10th century)

Song dynasty (960 - 1279)

Yuan dynasty (1271 - 1368)

Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644)

Qing dynasty (1644 1912)
About the Emperor Xianfeng who reigned between 1850 and
1861, check this link


Jodhpur State (1250 - 1949)

Sardar Singh - Maharaja of Jodhpur around 1900
Source picture: Wikipedia

Wadiyar Dynasty

Was an Indian Hindu dynasty that ruled the Kingdom of Mysore
from 1399 till 1761 and from 1799 till 1947. After its independence
from British Rule, their state was incorporated in the 
Dominion of India.

Source picture: Wikipedia

Gaekwad Dynasty

was a Hindu Maratha clan who ruled in Western India from

1721 till 1947.

Bahmani Sultanate (1347 - 1527)

Jaunpur Sultanate (1394 - 1479)

Bidar Sultanate (1492- 1619)

Berar Sultanate (1490 - 1572)

Ahmadnagar Sultanate (1490 - 1636)

Qutb Shahi dynasty (1518- 1687)

Adil Shahi dynasty (1490 - 1686)

Najm-i- Sani dynasty

Nawab of Rampur (1719-1949)

Nawabs of Oudh (1722 - 1858)

Nawabs of Bengal (1757 - 1880)

Talpur dynasty (1786 - 1843)

Hunza (princely state)

Nagar (princely state)



Emperor Akihito


was a part of the Russian Empire and later of the Soviet Union.
from 1991 the country became independent. 


became an independent state in 1991. 

Lao: Royal Family (1904 - 1975)

Kingdom of Laos 


Malaysia has a federal constitutional elective monarchy.
Since 2016 the King is: Muhammad V of Kelantan.

Today in History about Malaysia on this link

9 States of Malaysia are headed by Malay rulers.

7 are hereditary rulers:








1 has a rotation system


1 has an elective system

Negeri Sembilan


On 15 November 1967 a vote was taken in parliament to decide wether
the Maldives should continue as a constitutional monarch or become a
republic. 40 of the 44 members of parliament voted for a republic. 

On 15 March 1968, a referendum was held. Around 93 % voted for a 
republic. The republic was declared on 11 November 1968, thus ending
the 853-year old monarchy. 


Khamag Mongol (1120's - 1206)

Mongol Empire (1206 - 1368)

Northern Yuan Dynasty (1368 - 1635)



The monarchy in Nepal was founded in 1768 and was abolished
in 2008

On 1 June 2001, Crown Prince Dipendra murdered his father,
his mother and several other members of the Royal Family of
Nepal. Afterwards he shot himself. Dipendra was proclaimed 
King, while he was in coma. He died on 4 June 2001. His uncle
Prince Gyanendra became King till 2008. 

Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Nepal 
Source picture: Wikipedia

Korean Empire (1897 - 1910)
The House of Yi, also called the Yi dynasty ruled over the Korean Empire.
The House of Yi was founded in 1392 by Taejo of Joseon. 




Sri Lanka



The ruling royal house of Thailand is the Chakri dynasty.
The head is King Vajiralongkorn. 

picture from 2003

Important Royal News of 2016

On October 13th. 2016 , the Royal Palace has announced that 
King Bhumibol has died.

He was the world's longest serving head of state and the longest
reigning monarch in Thai history. 

on the picture with president Obama



Vietnam: Nguyen dynasty

Former Flag used from 17/4/1945 till 30/8/1945

This dynasty reigned for 143 years in Vietnam. It began in 1802 and
it ended in 1945.




File:Flag of Belgium.svg

The Netherlands

File:Flag of the Netherlands.svg

You'll find more about the Royal History of the Netherlands at this page 
on my blog:


File:Flag of Luxembourg.svg

National Anthem: 'Ons Heemecht'
Royal Anthem: 'De Wilhelmus' 


File:Flag of Monaco.svg


File:Flag of Spain.svg

National Anthem of Spain: 'La Marcha Real',


File:Flag of Liechtenstein.svg

Liechtenstein is bordered by Switzerland and Austria. The capital is Vaduz.
Current ruler is Prince Hans-Adam II.

Regent is: Hereditary Prince Alois


File:Flag of Sweden.svg


File:Flag of Denmark.svg

National Anthem of Denmark 'Der Er Et Yndigt Land'


File:Flag of Norway.svg

National Anthem of Norway 'Ja Vi Elsker Dette Landet'

United Kingdom

File:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg



File:Flag of Albania.svg

House of Zogu

Austria (See House of Habsburg)

File:Flag of Austria.svg



File:Flag of Bulgaria.svg

coat of arms of Bulgaria of 1946

Last King (Tsar): Simeon II 


The Kingdom of Cyprus was a crusader Kingdom between 1192 and 1489. It was ruled by the French house of Lusignan.


File:Flag of France.svg

You'll find more information about the Royal History of France 
on this page of my blog:


File:Flag of Germany.svg

You'll find more information about the Royal Families in Germany
on this page of my blog:


File:Flag of Georgia.svg


File:Flag of Greece.svg

Stamps of the Royal Family of Greece


Flag of the Kingdom of Iceland between 1918 and 1944. 

The Kingdom of Iceland was between 1918 and 1944. This
was a personal union with Denmark. 


File:Flag of Italy.svg


Royal family of Montenegro around 1916


File:Flag of Portugal.svg


File:Flag of Romania.svg

Did you know that the former Romanian Royal Family had a lot 
of links to other European Families?


File:Flag of Russia.svg

Russia has an important history too with links to all European Royal Families.
You'll find more about Russia on the pages:


File:Flag of Serbia.svg

Vojislavljevic dynasty
This dynasty ruled in the 11th. century over Serbia.

Vukanovic dynasty
This dynasty ruled from the 11th. century till mid 13th. century
over Serbia. 

Nemanjic dynasty
This dynasty ruled from 1166 till 1371 over Serbia. 

Obrenovic dynasty
This dynasty ruled from 1815 till 1842 and again from 1858 till 1903
over Serbia. They came to power by an uprising against the Ottoman
Empire in 1815. 


To know more about King Peter II of Yugoslavia, check this link



Abu Dhabi: House of Al Nahyan

Sheikh: Khalifa bin Zayed-Al Nahyan

Crown Prince: Mohammed bin Zayed

Ajman: House of Al Nuaimi

Sheikh: Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi

Bahrain: House of Khalifa

King: Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa

King of Bahrain & president Bush in 2004

Crown Prince: Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa

Former dynasties in Bahrain:

Qarmatians (900 1073)

Usfurids (1253 - 1320)

Jarwanid dynasty (1305 - 1487)

Dubai: House of Al Maktoum

Emir: Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum

Fujairah: House of Al Sharqi

Emir: Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi

Jordan: House of Hashim

King: Abdullah II of Jordan 

Full name: Abdullah bin Hussein bin Talal bin Abdullah bin Hussein bin Ali 

Noble family: 
House of Hashim also known as the House of the Hashemites

More about the former King of Jordan: King Hussein, check
this link

Kuwait: House of Al-Sabah

Emir: Sabah Ahmad Al-Ahmad Al-Jabar Al-Sabah

Oman: House of Al Said

Sultan: Qaboos bin Said Al Said

Qatar: House of Thani

Emir: Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
He became Emir of Qatar on 25 June 2013.

Source picture: Wikipedia

Saudi Arabia: House of Saud

King: Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

On 23 September 1932 the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded.
More information about its history on this link

King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud with 
president Donald J. Trump of the United States of America
Source picture: Wikipedia

On 21 June 2017 King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud issued a decree making
his son Mohammed bin Salman heir to the throne. 

John Kerry met Prince Mohammed bin Salman
in 2015 - Source picture: Wikipedia

Sharjah & Ras al-Khaimah: House of Al Qasimi

Sultan: bin Muhammed Al Qasimi

Umm al-Quwain: House of Al Mu'alla

Emir: Saud bin Rachid Al Mu'alla



Danishmends Dynasty (1071-1178)
This was a Turkish dynasty that ruled in north-central and eastern

This dynasty was founded by Danishmend Gazi. From 1134, the 
leaders held the title Melik (King). 

Mengujekids Dynasty (1071 -1277)
The founder was Mengujek Ghazi. He was probably one of the 
commanders sent by the Great Seljuk Sultan Alp Arslan to
occupy parts of Anatolia after the victory at Manzikert over
the Byzantine Empire. 

Saltukids Dynasty (1072 - 1202)
The Saltukids or Saltuqids were a dynasty of the Anatolian
beyliks founded after the Battle of Manzikert (1071).

The beylik was founded by Emir Saltuk, one of the Turkmen
commanders of the Great Seljuk Alp Arslan. 
The beylik fought regularly against the Georgian Kingdom
for hegemony of Kars region. 

Artqids Dynasty (1101-1409)
This Turkish dynasty, that ruled in Eastern Anatolia, Northern
Syria and Northern Iraq also was called Artukid. 
Its founder was Zaheer-ul-Daulah Artuk Bey.

Ottoman Empire (1299 - 1923)


coat of arms of Iran (1925 - 1979)

Pahlavi dynasty (1925 - 1979)

Syria & Iraq

On 8 March 1920 Faisal became King of Syria. His reign was very short. 
It lasted till 24 July 1920.

He became King of Iraq from 23 August 1921 till 8 September 1933. 
He was best known from the Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire. 
Lawrence of Arabia was his friend.  


Ottoman rule till 1918

Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen  (1926 - 1970)

Coat of Arms of Yemen of 1962

Two States of Yemen


Kingdom of Jerusalem

Was established by Godfrey of Bouillon in 1099.
More about Godfrey of Bouillon on this link 

It lasted till 1291.



The first monarch was King George Tupou I. 
Current ruler of Tonga is King Tupou VI. 

Source pictures: Wikipedia (except when the caption is added)